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40℃+ 欧洲热

德国、荷兰和比利时气温连续两天创下历史新高

来源:南方都市报     2019年07月29日        版次:CB08    作者:张沛

7月25日,在法国巴黎埃菲尔铁塔附近,人们在特罗卡德罗喷泉里消暑纳凉。 新华社发

最近,热浪来袭,不少CBDer都高喊好热好热。承受热浪袭击的还包括亚欧大陆另一端的西欧地区,多地气温屡次突破史上最高温记录。德国、荷兰和比利时的气温连续两天创下历史新高,巴黎也迎来了有史以来最热的一天,这已经是今年夏天西欧遭遇的第二波危险热浪。

今年六月,西欧迎来了今年夏天的第一波热浪攻击,使今年6月成为有记录以来最热的6月。科学家说,气候危机使夏季热浪的可能性增加了五倍,而且明显更加强烈。

荷兰皇家气象研究所(KNMI)表示,周三在埃因霍温创下的39.3摄氏度(102.7华氏度)的荷兰记录持续了不到24小时,位于吉尔兹-里延空军基地南部的一个气象站的水银柱在周四下午攀升至40.4摄氏度。CBD君联系到一位在荷兰首都阿姆斯特丹工作的张先生,对方表示因为高温天气已经在家办公了两天,因为自家没有太阳直射,尚还可以忍受。“但出门就真的不行了,太热了,不少荷兰本地人因为家里没有空调,只能跑到百货大楼、宜家和星巴克等地避暑。”

比利时皇家气象研究所(KMI-RMI)周三在Angleur创下40.2摄氏度的新高后表示,靠近荷兰边境的Kleine Brogel的气温周四升至40.6摄氏度。两国之前的最高温记录都可以追溯到20世纪40年代。

“这是自1833年开始测量以来,比利时历史上最高的温度记录,”KMI-RMI的亚历克斯·德沃克说。英国7月份也创造了新的气温记录,并有望创下历史新高。

德国国家气象局(national DWD weather service)表示,周四,德国西北部城镇林根的气温达到41.5摄氏度,这是该国首次出现气温超过41摄氏度的记录。此前一天,北莱茵-威斯特伐利亚州的盖伦基兴创下了40.5摄氏度的历史新高。

法国气象局表示,巴黎蒙特苏里斯站的水星温度超过了1947年7月下午1点后不久创下的40.4摄氏度的记录,并在下午4点后不久继续攀升,达到42.6摄氏度。该机构表示:“气温还可能进一步攀升。”并指出阴凉处的43摄氏度“是伊拉克巴格达7月份的平均最高气温”。气候学家大卫·萨拉斯·梅利亚(David Salas y Melia)表示,这次热浪的强度“相当异常”。

目前,各国政府向无家可归者免费发放水,医院和住宅护理机构处于高度戒备状态,并向任何寻求阴凉的人开放市政大楼,一些国家的火车都放慢了速度,以避免线路受到破坏,线路可能会在高温下发生卡死。

法国国营铁路公司(SNCF)和巴黎地铁公司建议旅客尽可能推迟旅行。德国联邦铁路(Deutsche Bahn)还表示,已经预订了周四(7月25日)或周五(7月26日)的火车票,但由于天气炎热而希望推迟行程的乘客,可以免费推迟到8月4日。

由于许多地区实行了限水措施,低水位促使德国官员禁止在多瑙河37英里(60公里)的河段上巡航。比利时一家动物园表示,他们正在给老虎喂冻鸡,给熊喂冰封西瓜。

在6月的欧洲热浪中,捷克共和国、斯洛伐克、奥地利、安道尔、卢森堡、波兰和德国都创下了新的单月气温记录,而法国南部的Gallargues-le-Montueux地区则创下了45.9摄氏度的历史最高记录。

All-time temperature records tumble again as heatwave sears Europe

Highs in Germany, Netherlands and Belgium exceeded for second time in 24 hours

Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium have recorded all-time national temperature highs for the second day running and Paris has had its hottest day ever as the second dangerous heatwave of the summer sears western Europe.

The extreme temperatures follow a similar heatwave last month that made it the hottest June on record. Scientists say the climate crisis is making summer heatwaves five times more likely and significantly more intense.

Wednesday’s Dutch record of 39.3C (102.7F), set in Eindhoven, lasted less than 24 hours, with the mercury at a weather station at the southern Gilze-Rijen airbase climbing on Thursday afternoon to 40.4C, the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) said.

After recording a new high of 40.2C at Angleur on Wednesday, Belgium’s Royal Meteorological Institute (KMI-RMI) said the temperature at Kleine Brogel near the Dutch border rose on Thursday to 40.6C. The previous records in both countries dated back to the 1940s.

“This is the highest recorded temperature for Belgium in history - since the beginning of measurements in 1833,” said the KMI-RMI’s Alex Dewalque. Britain also set a new temperature record for July and was on course to register an all-time high.

Germany’s national DWD weather service said it measured 41.5C in the north-western town of Lingen on Thursday, the first time the temperature has been recorded above 41C in the country. It came a day after an all-time national high of 40.5C was recorded in Geilenkirchen in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Météo-France said the mercury at its Paris-Montsouris station in the French capital surpassed the previous high of 40.4C, set in July 1947, soon after 1pm and continued to climb, reaching 42.6C soon after 4pm.

“And it could climb even higher,” the service said, noting that 43C in the shade “is the average maximum temperature in Baghdad, Iraq in July”. David Salas y Mélia, a climatologist, said the heatwave was one “of quite exceptional intensity”.

As authorities across the continent handed out free water to homeless people, placed hospitals and residential care institutions on high alert and opened municipal buildings to anyone seeking shade, trains were slowed in several countries to avoid damage to lines, which could buckle in the heat.

France’s SNCF rail operator and the Métro in Paris advised travellers to postpone their trips if possible. Germany’s Deutsche Bahn also said rail passengers who had booked tickets for Thursday or Friday and wanted to delay their trips because of the heat could do so until 4 August without extra charge.

With water restrictions in place in many areas, low river levels prompted officials to ban cruises on a 37-mile (60km) stretch of the River Danube in Germany. A zoo in Belgium said it was feeding frozen chickens to its tigers and watermelons encased in ice to its bears.

The Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Andorra, Luxembourg, Poland and Germany all set new monthly records during last month’s European heatwave, while France recorded its highest ever temperature of 45.9C in the southern commune of Gallargues-le-Montueux.

南都记者 张沛

综合整理自 The Guardian

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